Emergency Vet Services

Looking for emergency veterinary services in Surrey?

Our compassionate staff handles veterinary emergencies with the professional care your pet deserves. If your pet’s condition requires an emergency procedure or after-hours care, we are proud to provide these services at our fully equipped veterinary hospital.

We see a wide variety of pet emergencies at Mainland Animal Emergency Clinic. Our comprehensive care can include x-rays, monitoring of vital functions, intravenous administration of fluids or electrolytes, and a full menu of laboratory tests. We can also perform surgery on pets under general anesthesia. Our veterinarians and support staff will always be there during clinic hours to provide the best care for your pets.

  • I-Stat blood gas analysis
  • Blood Chemistry & CBC
  • Antifreeze test
  • Parvo & leukemia virus test
  • Blood typing
  • Electrolytes
  • Coagulation panel
  • Urinalysis
  • Tonometer
  • Defibrillator
  • Blood/plasma transfusion
  • Surgery (all emergency surgeries from minor lacerations to GDV)
  • Pharmacy
  • Radiology/X-Rays
  • Anesthesia machines (the safest anesthesia drugs will be used)
  •  PM 9000 Vet (ECG, NIBP, SPO, ETCO, temperature, respiration rate)
  • ECG (Electro Cardiography)

Trauma Services & Urgent Care

If your pet is suffering a veterinary emergency in Surrey, call Mainland Animal Emergency Clinic immediately at 604-588-4000

Monday to Friday: 5 PM to 8 AM
Saturday: 4 PM to 8 AM
Sunday: 8 AM to 8 AM

When you call, you will speak with our on-call emergency vet or you can bring your pet directly to the hospital. Even if you think something is wrong with your pet but are not sure, some problems simply cannot wait for emergency care – we are prepared to work hard to save your pet.

What To Do In An Emergency Situation

And When To Seek Emergency & Urgent Care


 Involves only the outer layer of skin (superficial wound)

 Most treated at home, if large/infected should be treated by your vet

 Clean the area with warm water and remove any dirt, debris

 Keep clean and dry to prevent infection (a buster collar, that you can get from your vet, will keep your pet from licking the area)

 Monitor closely (watch for signs of pain, redness, swelling or discharge)

Artificial Respiration

 Consult your veterinarian immediately if your pet stops breathing

 Check to see if there is anything lodged in the airway. If so, attempt to remove the object (please see choking)

 Clean the area with warm water and remove any dirt, debris

 If the airway is clear, check if the animal is breathing

 If there is no breathing, and there is a pulse, begin artificial respiration (rescue breathing). To do, extend neck (so the airway is straight, not blocked), close the mouth (cover if small cat/dog), place your mouth over pets nose and blow (3-5 breaths) until you see the chest expand (do not over force air into lungs). Check for a pulse and if breathing on your own. If not breathing continue 12-20 x/min (Press belly every few minutes to expel air that has been forced into the stomach)

 If there is no breathing, and there is a pulse, begin artificial respiration (rescue breathing). To do, extend neck (so the airway is straight, not blocked), close the mouth (cover if small cat/dog), place your mouth over pets nose and blow (3-5 breaths) until you see the chest expand (do not over force air into lungs). Check for a pulse and if breathing on their own. If not breathing continue 12-20 x/min (Press belly every few minutes to expel air that has been forced into the stomach)

 If there is no breathing, and there is a pulse, begin artificial respiration (rescue breathing). To do, extend neck (so the airway is straight, not blocked), close the mouth (cover if small cat/dog), place your mouth over pets nose and blow (3-5 breaths) until you see the chest expand (do not over force air into lungs). Check for a pulse and if breathing on their own. If not breathing continue 12-20 x/min (Press belly every few minutes to expel air that has been forced into the stomach)

Birth Complications

 The gestation period for cats/dogs is about 58-64 days. After 45 days x-rays should be taken, so you know how many to expect

 For dogs, pups should come one every 45-60 min., with 10-30 min. contractions.

 If she is straining for more than an hour or takes more than a 4 hr break between pups consult your veterinarian

 For cats, the process tends to be quick though they can take up to 24 hours to birth an entire litter

 Problems to watch for include: more than 30-60 min. strong contractions with no birth, the mother seems to be in pain, newborn stuck in the birth canal, green-colored or foul-smelling discharge, or more than 65 days of gestation have passed. Consult your vet immediately if any of these problems arise

 Help clean pup’s or kitten’s airways and place them back to start nursing

Bite Wounds

 Use caution when handling or approaching animals as they may be frightened or in pain (use a muzzle if needed)

 Flush wound with saline/warm water and apply pressure if there is bleeding (if cloth becomes soaked do not remove, place another over)

 Limbs may require light bandages (do not cut off circulation)

 Chest/abdomen wounds, potentially very serious, could penetrate the body cavity, cover with a clean cloth and bring to your vet

 Proper antibiotics need to be administered to prevent infection


 Occurs when the stomach rotates on its own axis, pinches off entrances and exits causing the stomach to fill with gas

 This can occur very rapidly, be very painful, and can be fatal within hours resulting in death

 Occurs usually in large breeds, dogs that are exercised after large meals, or dogs that have a tendency to be agitated or nervous

 Symptoms include: dry heaving (occasional vomit of foamy fluid), hard distended abdomen, or severe pain in the abdomen

 Seek veterinary care immediately if bloat occurs

Bones / Toys

 Bones are not ideal to give to dogs, they can cause fractured teeth or injury to the enamel, ingesting the bone/fragments can cause constipation, painful bowel movements, and splinters or marrow bones can get caught in the lower jaw

 Chicken, pork, and fish bones are especially bad, if you feel the need to give a bone choose a large beef leg bone or knucklebone, although will still wear down teeth to the pulp (possible infection)

 Some toys that are also not ideal for dogs include: Frisbees (causes fractured or worn teeth), hard rubber balls (airway obstruction), soft rubber/tennis balls (intestinal obstructions), or rawhide chew sticks (obstruction if ingested)


 Flush injury site with cool water, gently apply an ice pack wrapped in a soft, clean towel

 Seek veterinary assistance immediately


 Check to see if the airway is blocked by a foreign object

 If so and visible carefully (not to get bitten) attempt to remove the object (you may use pliers or tweezers) if the animal is not breathing

 If the animal can still pass the breath, bring it to your veterinarian immediately to be removed with proper equipment

 If the object is not visible, or unable to dislodge you may need to begin chest compressions. Stand behind the animal and ball your fists under the sternum. Use gentle but firm thrusts upwards, forcing air out of the lungs to dislodge the object

 Even if compressions are successful seek veterinary care to ensure that there are no complications


Applied if the animal is unconscious, not breathing, and has no pulse

 If the animal is not breathing, check if there is a heartbeat by listening to the chest (the area where the elbow touches the ribs). If no heartbeat is present (or pulse), begin rescue breathing (see artificial respiration)

 Then, after the initial 5 breaths check for a pulse – if still no pulse, begin chest compressions

 Large dog breeds should be laying on their right side down (if not can still be applied left side down). Place hands, one over the other, over the highest part of the chest walls. Depress the rib cage (2-4 inches), repeat 80-100 x per min. REMEMBER to give 2 rescue breaths after every 12 compressions

 Continue until you cannot continue, you arrive at your veterinary hospital or the animal is breathing on its own


 Flush wound with saline/warm water to remove all dirt/debris

 If bleeding, apply pressure with a clean cloth; if the bleeding will not stop apply a bandage (do not cut off circulation)

 Seek veterinary care as cuts could be more serious than they appear


 Call your veterinarian for advice. Symptoms could be potentially serious

 Diarrhea combined with weakness, vomiting, pain, or agitation requires immediate medical attention

 Withhold food for 12-24 hours, and supply plenty of freshwater as animals can quickly become dehydrated

 If diarrhea persists for more than 24-48 hours, or other symptoms are present seek veterinary care

Eye Injuries

 Eye injuries can easily lead to permanent damage such as blindness or scarring

 You can flush the eye with saline to remove foreign objects

 If there is any squinting, blood, or raised third eyelids seek immediate veterinary care

 Treating eye injuries at home is not recommended


Use caution (muzzle if necessary) when approaching as the animal may be in pain, frightened, or react badly

 Look for any bleeding, if you find any, apply mild pressure with a clean cloth or bandage

 Use a large board or blanket as a stretcher and give support to any fractured limbs (do not pull fractured limbs)

 The key to dealing with fractures is to prevent movement of the limb, as it can cause further tissue damage

 If there is a lot of movement to the fractured site or the limb is particularly unstable you can wrap the leg in a newspaper or magazine, tape it in place, and tape a thick board to the limb to immobilize it

 Transport to your veterinarian immediately


 Remove the animal from cold, check for low body temp. If hypothermia is present (lower than 98F) wrap the animal with blankets

 Usually affects ear tips, paws (footpads), tail, and scrotum

 Skin is pale or bluish in early stages (difficult to detect on pigmented skin), and with time, loss of sensation and may develop, dark scabs, severe blisters, and tissue may slough off

 Clinical signs depend on the severity and may include shivering (not if temp. is below 90F), dullness, weakness, low heart rate, pale gums, shallow/ slow breathing, and coma or collapse.

 For frostbite apply warm, moist compresses to the area. If paws or large areas are affected, submerge these areas in warm water (102-103F) for 10-15 minutes, gently dry. DO NOT RUB, this will cause more tissue damage, and do not use dry heat (hair dryers, heating pads)

 Seek veterinary care immediately

Heat Exhaustion / Heat Stroke

 Can be caused by: the environment (temp. humidity, shelter, lack of water), physical factors (breed, weight, age, exercise), or medical (medications, pre-existing illness). This occurs when an animal cannot keep its core body temperature in a safe range (>106F)

 Clinical signs depend on the severity and may include restlessness, excessive panting, bright red gums, lethargy, weakness, wobbly gait, vomiting, and diarrhea

 If left untreated may progress to blindness, seizures, collapse, coma, and death

 Treatment needs to be started ASAP. Remove the animal from heat and continuously spray or pour (avoid complete submersion) cold water all over the coat (belly and groin area as well). If available use a fan to help cool the animal

 If possible take rectal temperature and stop cooling at 103F

 Seek veterinary care ASAP (continue cooling on way with air conditioning)

Hit By Car

 Protect yourself from any traffic before administering first aid

 To avoid getting bitten or scratched muzzle dogs (mesh muzzle so the dog can breathe), and put a blanket over cats

 Check how alert the animal is, also check breathing rate. If unconscious and not breathing check for a pulse. (See CPR section if there is no breathing or pulse)

 If possible check gum color (do not attempt on the muzzled dog or fearful cat) pale gums may be a sign of shock or bleeding

 Check for wounds or external bleeding, if there is bleeding and it is spurting, not oozing, apply direct pressure using a clean cloth or gauze. If severe bleeding is on the leg, chest, or belly, place a clean wrap over the site. Do not use tourniquets. If an animal bleeds through a bandage DO NOT remove it, place another over top.

 Check for abnormal positions of the limbs, but DO NOT straighten or reposition. If the bone is visible rinse with clean water and place a clean bandage over the wound

 Seek veterinary care ASAP

 Transport on a board or a stretcher (blanket). Make sure they are supported and cannot fall off. Cats or small dogs can be placed in a box or carrier

 All hit by cars should be seen by your veterinarian, regardless of how slight the symptoms might be

Hot Spots

 Lesions due to self-inflicted trauma (licking, scratching, biting) brought on by an irritant (fleas, allergies, insect or tick bites, skin infection, or grooming complications). More common in dogs

 Typically lesions are moist, red tender, itchy, and have a foul smell. Hair loss may occur (may not be seen in thick coats), they may be in multiple areas and increase rapidly in size

 Treatment includes stopping the irritant and scratching, controlling the infection, and if possible, removal of inciting cause

 Home care includes cleaning the area with tepid water and a mild vet-approved solution and preventing the animal from licking and biting the affected area (cool compresses may temporarily relieve the area but usually oral and topical medications are prescribed, drying agents and antibiotics may also be recommended)

Insect Bites

 Allergic reactions are common among cats/dogs to bees, hornets, yellow jackets, wasps, and spiders. Most bites occur on the face, ears, or paws

 Signs of a reaction include swelling/redness around eyes, eyelids, muzzle, nose, and ears, swollen paw, or trouble breathing in more severe cases

 Look for the stinger and try to remove it with tweezers (if available)

 Seek veterinary care, as an allergy medication will need to be injected. Ask about home treatments for the future (antihistamines)


 Puncture wounds may occur from fights or trauma from sharp objects. They are usually deeper than they seem, and infection may be serious. Seek veterinary care ASAP

 To avoid getting bitten or scratched muzzle dogs (mesh muzzle so the dog can breathe), and put a blanket over cats

 Clean wound with tepid water or saline solution. Any puncture on the chest or belly should be covered with a clean cloth/gauze and a light wrap applied. DO NOT attempt to probe the wound. If the object is still in place, DO NOT attempt to remove it, this could cause further tissue damage


 Signs of poisoning are varied, often non-specific, and may be delayed, depending on the type of toxin ingested. Common sources include: medications, household cleaners, insecticides/pesticides, chemicals, and plants

 If you know the animal ingested something that may be toxic call the poison control immediately and seek veterinary care (if possible bring the container or label of the product, or a sample if its plant material)

 NEVER INDUCE VOMITING WITHOUT THE ADVICE OF A VETERINARIAN. Certain toxins may cause more damage or complications if the animal vomits


 Can occur for many reasons (medical conditions, heat stroke, poisoning, etc.)

 Signs include: salivation, loss of bowel movements, mild-severe muscle twitches, and loss of consciousness

 Move your pet away from any harmful objects. Use a blanket for padding/protection. DO NOT restrain animal during a seizure, time how long it lasts, usually 2-3 minutes, more serious if they last longer than 10 minutes

 Afterward keep the animal calm, cool, and quiet (keep the area quiet)

 Call your veterinarian ASAP


 Can occur with serious injury or fright

 Signs include irregular breathing or dilated pupils. Keep animal gently restrained, quiet and warm

 Call your veterinarian ASAP

Skunk Spray

 Not an emergency; however it is a good idea to have a recipe around to remove the smell. The recipe is enough to wash a large breed dog, avoid the eyes, mouth, and nose. Use saline for the eyes if needed

 1-liter hydrogen peroxide

 1/3 cup baking soda

 4 liters warm water

 1 teaspoon dish soap

Snake Bite

 Signs include: rapid swelling, skin punctures, pain, weakness, or shock

 Stop all exercise (to slow the venom), then clean the area. Some venom can damage nerves or tissue on contact

 Call your veterinarian ASAP

Toenail Break

 Stop bleeding by applying styptic powder, cornstarch, or white ivory soap. The nail may need to be trimmed to prevent further bleeding

 Seek veterinary care as there is a possibility of infection and antibiotics may need to be administered

Urination Blockage

 Usually caused by mineral plugs or stones that block the urinary outflow (urethra). Males are usually more prone than females, and Dalmatians are at a higher risk

 Early signs include: straining to urinate with little urine produced, small drops of blood, excessive licking at the pupace or vulva, or frequent trips to urinate. As the blockage becomes more severe, waste products build up in the bloodstream, and animals may exhibit signs of vomiting, weakness, lethargy, disorientation, collapse, and death

 Inability to urinate is life-threatening and must be treated ASAP

 If there are any abnormalities in your pet’s urination routine seek immediate veterinary care


 Occurs for many reasons and can be life-threatening or of little consequence

 If your pet is alert, not distressed, and vomits only a couple of times, homecare should be sufficient. (Only you can decide how distressed your pet is) Do not offer anything by mouth for 4-6 hours, and then introduce small amounts of water/ice chips. If there is no vomiting, offer a small amount of bland food 12 hours after the vomiting has stopped

 If it has not stopped seek veterinary care ASAP

 Signs to watch for include: animal appears distressed, blood in vomit, the pet ingested medication or a foreign object, toxic material/plants, there is non-productive retching and/or vomiting; there is a swollen belly; there is weakness, lethargy, or collapse; if the gums are pale, blush or dark red; if the pet has a pre-existing disease; or if there is fever (>103F) or a low body temp